How to answer an IELTS Matching Heading Question Type

In this section, we are going to look at Matching Heading Question Types of questions and some strategies for solving these questions in IELTS reading. Matching Heading Questions are considered to be difficult question type in IELTS reading module. So we are going to look at what is matching heading question type, common mistakes made by candidates, some important and useful tricks to solve this type of questions.

This one is very specific question type of reading module. It may or may not be in question paper but 99.99% of the time Matching Heading Question Type is asked in academic and general test.


In this type, you will be given 5-7 headings and asked to find the correct paragraph from the reading text matching with that particular heading. Headings are nothing but the sentences which summaries the information in a paragraph. There are always more headings than paragraphs.

This type of question tests your ability to understand the main idea behind the paragraph. Candidate has to choose the one which is accurate in summarizing information of a paragraph.


Below is a list of common problems faced by candidates :

1. Often inexperienced candidates read all the passages and try to match the headings which is very inefficient and poor technique. Reading all the passages and looking back to headings takes so much time which is proved disadvantageous in IELTS reading test.

2. Trying to match exact word or words of passages with headings. In IELTS examination, most of the questions are paraphrased so a sentence can have same meaning with different sentence structures or different vocabulary. So, it is worthless to match exact words of headings with sentences of passages.

3. Spending too much time on the one paragraph is the biggest mistake candidates commit.

4. There is too much information to get through and not enough time. Forget the left and focus on the next.


 1. In this type of questions, majority of the answers are found in the first or last two lines of the passages. In IELTS, it is not necessary to read all the text given to you so if you are running out of time, you can apply this tip to solve questions. We cannot find all the headings from the same tip but majority of the questions can be answered by this tip.

2. If you are having this question type in your test then try to solve it first as this type of questions take so much time.

3. Read the headings and highlight the keywords. Highlighting keywords is extremely useful as you don’t need to spend much time for matching it with passage.

4. If there is a question marked sentences or sentences enclosed in quotes in your passage then pay close attention to this type of sentences as it can be your answer.

5. If you are confused between two or more headings then write it down beside the passage and then start comparison word by word.

6. Pay close attention to the sentences in which writer’s opinions are mentioned. e.g.      I say…, I believe… , it is seen that…

7. Try to get the general idea of a passage to match the headings.

8. Read carefully when the connectors are used because majority times those sentences can be answers. e.g however, moreover, but, although etc.

9. Read headings of the passage to get the general idea of the passage.

10. Skim through the passage to get the idea and highlight the keywords.


The text on the page has six sections, A-F.

Choose the correct heading for each section, A-F, form the list of headings below. Write the correct number, i-x, in the space given for questions mentioned below.

Questions :

(1) Section A _____

(2) Section B _____

(3) Section C _____

(4) Section D _____

(5) Section E _____

(6) Section F _____

(7) Section G _____

Headings :

i. How can reflection problems be avoided?

ii. How long should I work without a break?

iii. What if I experience any problems?

iv. When is the best time to do filing chores?

v. What makes a good seat?

vi. What are the common health problems?

vii. What is the best kind of lighting to have?

viii. What are the roles of management and workers?

ix. Why does a VDU create eye fatigue?

x. Where should I place the documents?

Passage :


Answers :

(1) vi

Many health problems are clearly mentioned in the text. Anyone can answer this question.

(2) viii

In this paragraph the keywords are paraphrased as mentioned in the strategies IELTS examiner may paraphrase the answers. In this paragraph, employer and operators are the keywords which are paraphrased with management and workers.

(3) v

The tip which are working in this paragraph is paraphrasing of keywords and answer lies in first two lines.

(4) x

Placing of documents is paraphrased as arrangement and distance which can be clearly identified. Answers can be found in first two lines also.

(5) ii

In this paragraph, the break keyword is paraphrased with short pauses. Answer can be found in first two lines also.

(6) i

By using skimming technique, we can clearly see that reflection word is paraphrased with glare.

(7) iii

Answers can be found in first two lines because it is clearly mentioned “working experiences”.


Practice these techniques and strategies. You can get the practice material from here.

I hope you find this section useful and if you have any queries or comments, please let me know below.

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Good luck for your exams.

Thank you !

One Reply to “How to answer an IELTS Matching Heading Question Type”

  1. Hey It’s hard to find knowledgeable people on this subject, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! gracias

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